climate change in the midwest

Climate Impacts in the Midwest- Climate Change Impacts on the Great Lakes This EPA page documents the impacts that the changing climate is and will have on the Great Lakes and other water resources in the Midwest. The other track should use the national bully pulpit and tools, be unflinching about the scientific realities, and empower local champions, including the private sector, universities, governments, and people of color, to talk openly about climate change in their communities. . 10: Energy, Water, and Land). First Place: $1,500; Second Place: $1,000 At the national level, a center-out strategy should follow two tracks. [9] USGCRP (2014). Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest. [1] Some climate-related impacts may provide short-term benefits for agriculture, but negative effects are also expected in this time frame. Source: USGCRP (2014). You’ve run out of free articles. Prizes for each submission category. Climate Stories Contest. Precipitation in the Midwest is expected become more intense, leading to increased flood damage, strained drainage systems, and reduced drinking water availability. “If you want to be effective in a place like the Midwest, where the manufacturing base is so significant, you simply cannot say we want to put the environment first and economy and jobs second.”, Some approaches that can fight climate change don’t even require people to believe it’s real. [1] Air quality is already poor in parts of the Midwest and is projected to worsen with rising temperatures. The region also has a large and increasingly utilized potential to reduce emissions that cause climate change. However, over time, increasingly warmer temperatures and other stressors are expected to decrease yields. The report also warns of possible declines in crop yields, as high as 20 percent. Climate research shows that if global warming emissions continue to grow unabated, the Midwest can expect dramatic temperature increases and other climate changes over the course of this century. Join Slate Plus to continue reading, and you’ll get unlimited access to all our work—and support Slate’s independent journalism. The Midwest has a highly energy-intensive economy with per capita emissions of greenhouse gases more than 20% higher than the national average. This figure shows the average maximum ice coverage by decade between 1963 and 2013. Much is at stake when it comes to the Great Lakes region. The amount of rain falling during intense events in the Midwest since 1991 has been more than 30% above the 1901–60 average, according to the latest National Climate Assessment, and the only other region to see more dramatic changes is the Northeast.. The contributors are among the best in their field. Global Change Research Program, 418-440.Â. Global Change Research Program, Climate Change in the Midwest examines the known effects and relationships of climate change variables on the eight states that make up the region. Karl, T.R., J. M. Melillo, and T. C. Peterson (eds.). Many tree species are expected to gradually shift their ranges northward. 2014; Shafer et al. 5: Transportation. Climate change and its impacts across the globe will threaten the bottom line of businesses in a variety of ways. Extreme heat, heavy downpours and flooding will affect infrastructure, health, agriculture, forestry, transportation, air and water quality, and more. [6] US EPA (2012). Great Lakes: Basic Information. Here’s the spring 2020 outlook. How a Deranged “Cat Wreath” Brought Our Neighborhood Facebook Page Together for the Holidays, The Biden Administration Needs to Keep Underseas Internet Cables From Drowning, The Best Video Games We Played This Year (We Had Time for Lots of Them). On Wednesday, Dec. 2, at noon Eastern, Future Tense will host Heat Map: A Climate of Change in America, an online event about how the next president can fight climate change by working with local officials making decisions every day. AP Photo/Nati Harnik. Source: USGCRP (2014)[9] The flooding in the Midwest was an artifact of climate change, never mind that, as Bjorn Lomborg points out, the U.N. isn’t sure whether flooding overall is getting more or less frequent. In the Great Lakes and smaller lakes in the Midwest region, increased temperatures are likely to affect fish species. At-risk communities in the Midwest are becoming more vulnerable to climate change impacts including flooding, drought, and increases in urban heat islands. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) The Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Midwest series shows that without strong action to reduce heat-trapping emissions, midwestern states could face dramatic changes including increases in the number of extreme heat days, heavier rains in the spring causing delays in agricultural planting, and an expansion of the range for crop-damaging pests. As climate change bites in America’s midwest, farmers are desperate to ring the alarm Richard Oswald stands in a frozen puddle surrounded by … Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) 2013a,Kunkel et al. The president of the St. Louis Board of Aldermen, Lewis Reed, told us the Missouri city has committed to a goal of 100 percent clean energy by 2035, the biggest city in the Midwest to do so, even though St. Louis is home to the world’s largest coal company. May 30, 2019. As the climate crisis heats up, flooded farms in the Midwest can’t plant corn. Click the image to view a larger version.Temperatures are projected to continue increasing across the Midwest, with the greatest increases in average temperature expected in northern areas. And you'll never see this message again. The Nature Conservancy brought together climate experts in Iowa Wednesday for the first of a three-part series on the long-term weather trends that are critically important for agriculture across the Midwest, while specifically covering data from Iowa. Between 1900 and 2010, the average air temperature increased by more than 1.5°F. It is such a case with Climate Change in the Midwest. When it comes to cutting greenhouse gases, however, what works for San Francisco or New York City is not necessarily going to fly in the middle of the country.  Projections of future precipitation indicate that heavy downpours are likely to occur primarily in winter and spring months while summers will become drier, especially in the southern portion of the region. The Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Midwest series shows that without strong action to reduce heat-trapping emissions, midwestern states could face dramatic changes including increases in the … Rising temperatures also diminish winter ice cover, which may leave shores more vulnerable to waves, increase erosion and flooding, and damage fish habitat and property. Third edition.Â. Climate change is contributing to heavy rains that strain a drainage system left over from long-closed mines. Global Change Research Program. When the ground gets too wet and soggy in … Indeed, there’s a downside risk of being too pragmatic and too polite, of letting uncomfortable or unscientific views go unchallenged, supposedly in the name of local culture. Beard, K. L. Ebi, E. Maibach, R. S. Ostfeld, C. Wiedinmyer, E. Zielinski-Gutirrez, and L. Ziska, 2014: Ch. You can cancel anytime. Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. “This is not Seattle or California,” said Howard Learner of the Environmental Law and Policy Center. Source: USGCRP (2009)[8] Like the American public as a whole, the level Global Change Research Program, Climate Change in the Midwest examines the known effects and relationships of climate change variables on the eight states that make up the region. In general, climate change will tend to amplify existing climate-related risks to people, ecosystems, and infrastructure in the Midwest (Ch. He is polite and hardworking, with deep roots (so to speak) in the region and a certain amount of skepticism about outsiders—and about climate change. [1][7], Increased carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere can stimulate crop production, and warmer temperatures lengthen the growing season. Many communities N The Midwest is projected to experience higher temperatures, increased precipitation, and more frequent and intense storms. Additional expenses may also be incurred as the need to cool animal buildings increases.[7]. This extreme precipitation and historic flooding in the region was the primary reason that farmers across the nation were prevented from planting nearly 20 million acres of insurable crops , setting a new record. Developed to inform the 2013 National Climate Assessment, and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage and conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Temperature increase in the Midwest has accelerated in recent decades, particularly nighttime and winter temperatures. [1][3], Winter ice cover in the Great Lakes has changed in recent decades. Extreme Weather and Climate Change: The Midwest. Climate reporter. Major heat waves have been occurring more frequently across this region for many decades, resulting in increased deaths during these extreme events. Climate change will tend to amplify existing risks climate poses to people, ecosystems, and infrastructure. In the Midwest, climate change is expected to negatively affect human health in a variety of ways and exacerbate existing health challenges. Climate change projections in the Midwest predict warming temperatures, an increase in the freeze‐free season, and more frequent and intense precipitation, with increased precipitation in spring and winter and decreased precipitation in summer (Kunkel et al. “Climate change impacts in the Midwest are expected to be as diverse as the landscape itself. Farmers in the Midwest are already feeling the effects of climate change. [1] Southern states will also experience more hot days, with a greater number of days over 95°F and fewer days below 65°F, which could lead to greater energy demand for air conditioning.[1]. My conversation with Hughes was one of a series that New America’s Resource Security team engaged in over the past year with a variety of people around the country who work on climate-related issues every day. The first relies on and respects local voices and is designed in partnership with local communities, even if that means never using the words climate change. “One reason that previous attempts at federal climate policy have faltered is in part because we have not managed to galvanize the middle of the country. By joining Slate Plus you support our work and get exclusive content. [1] The Midwest is subject to extremely cold air masses from the far north, and warm, humid air masses from the Gulf of Mexico, resulting in a wide range of both temperature and precipitation extremes. Advancing Climate Change Solutions The Midwest is ground zero in the battle against climate change, and ELPC is working to accelerate smart solutions. The Midwest is characterized by a rich diversity of native species juxtaposed on one of the world’s most productive agricultural systems. This region will likely experience warmer and wetter winters, springs with heavy precipitation, and hotter summers with longer dry periods. Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Heat stress is likely to increase in the future as a result of continued rises in temperatures and humidity in this region, resulting in more heat-related deaths and illnesses.Air quality is already poor in parts of the Midwest an… “But the impact of man’s activities in causing that are being really overblown,” Hughes said. “Some lawmakers embrace the American scientific consensus and see the term as strictly a scientific one. Developed to inform the 2013 National Climate Assessment, and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage and conducted under the auspices of the U.S. is a partnership of that examines emerging technologies, public policy, and society. Further, one of St. Louis’s most famous companies, Anheuser-Busch, has committed to 100 percent renewable electricity for its own operations no later than 2025. 2/5/2020 . For example, in 2019 some areas saw between 200-600 percent the historical normal amount of precipitation. These projected changes pose challenges to communities as they protect the Great Lakes from algal blooms, protect water and waste infrastructure, and protect cold water are building … [8] USGCRP (2009). Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. Summers in Illinois and Michigan might feel like current summers in Texas or Oklahoma by the end of the century. Midwest farmers will be increasingly challenged by warmer, wetter and more humid conditions from climate change, which also will lead to greater incidence of crop disease and more pests … But even if Kharbanda and his colleagues can’t say climate change in the Midwest, they can still deal with it. [3][5] Disruptions in barge traffic along the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers have already occurred. If you value our work, please disable your ad blocker. Slate is published by The Slate Group, a Graham Holdings Company. The region is a global breadbasket, the source of most of America’s amber waves of grain, as well as soybeans and other staple crops. On the biggest impacts of climate change on farming "If you look at the impacts on the Midwest from climate change, right now what we see primarily … Dan Hughes grows corn, wheat, pinto beans, millet, and yellow peas on his family farm near Venango, a tiny town on the far western edge of Nebraska. Arizona State University [7] Diseases may increase as temperature and moisture conditions become more favorable for disease spread and range expansion. “The United States is not losing the climate change conversation on the coasts,” said Rolf Nordstrom, CEO of the Great Plains Institute. “We have to be very thoughtful about how we talk about climate change,” said Jesse Kharbanda, executive director of the Hoosier Environmental Council. “The Midwest may actually experience migration into the region because of climate change,” Maria Carmen Lemos, a Midwest chapter author … United States Environmental Protection Agency, Projected change in summer temperatures under different warming scenarios. 6: Agriculture. Southern and Midwestern US states will suffer the biggest economic losses from climate change, according to a new study. Learner said that a scientist from the University of California, Berkeley, might not get an entirely warm reception in the Midwest, but local talent is another story. If the rate of emissions is lowered, however, projections show the changes will be significantly less. Three states in the region have greenhouse gas emissions targets (Illinois, Michigan, and Minnesota), all states in the region except Nebraska have some form of a state electricity portfolio standard, and Minnesota and Missouri have alternative fuel standards, according to the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. United States Department of Commerce. The diverse landscapes of the U.S. Midwest, and the natural processes, livelihoods, and infrastructure associated with them, are vulnerable to climate change. A center-out strategy speaks to the Midwest’s particular character—and its economic importance. The NCA Education Resources for the Midwest Region features guiding questions, key figures, related resources, reviewed lesson plans, videos for all of the NCA key messages for each region. [1] Projections of future precipitation indicate that heavy downpours are likely to occur primarily in winter and spring months while summers will become drier, especially in the southern portion of the region. Two Weather Systems Could Bring Rain or Snow to Midwest, East and Northwest . If the rate of emissions is lowered, however, projections show the changes will be significantly less. Fortunately, sound science tells us that we can make a real impact on climate change … When these systems are overloaded during intense rainstorms, raw sewage overflow can result, impacting clean water availability and human health.[1]. As St. Louis Alderman Lewis Reed said, “When you look at a lot of climate issues and sustainability issues, we also need to talk about social and economic justice because it all plays together. [6] Together, these lakes contain 84% of North America's surface freshwater, and provide drinking water to more than 40 million people.[1]. The Midwestern states rank among the lowest, for example, in percent of the population that reports regularly wearing masks and have some of the highest coronavirus infection rates in the country. Climate change also alters pests and disease prevalence, … But rainfall during the four wettest days of the year has increased about 35 percent. EPA Region 5 (including the Midwest states of IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, and WI), EPA Region 7 (including the Midwest states of IA and MO), EPA, The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, IPCC Working Group II: North America (2014), USGCRP Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States: Midwest, NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ch. 2013b; Pryor et al. Summers in Illinois and Michigan might feel like current summers in Texas or Oklahoma by the end of the century. December 28, 2020. [4] USGCRP (2014). Luber, G., K. Knowlton, J. Balbus, H. Frumkin, M. Hayden, J. Hess, M. McGeehin, N. Sheats, L. Backer, C. B. The annual mean temperature in Ohio has increased by about 1.2 degrees Fahrenheit (.7 degrees Celsius) since 1895. “I’m very protective of my environment because that’s where my living comes from,” he said, adding that local solutions and “problem solving on the ground seems a better fit with Nebraska.”. Tribal nations are especially vulnerable because of their reliance on threatened natural resources for their cultural, subsistence, and economic needs. This is the first study in the Midwest United States to observe and quantify … Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) It matters not only to have “a seat at the table,” said Shalini Gupta, a Minneapolis-based health and environment expert, but also to have the right data and information “to be able to engage in these very technical spaces.”. That could mean higher food prices or empty shelves not just in other parts of the United States, but around the world. [1] The rate of increase in temperature has accelerated in recent decades, particularly nighttime and winter temperatures. 33 The remnants of intact natural ecosystems in the region, 34 including prairies, forests, streams, and wetlands, are rich with varied species. Increases are expected in both the number of days over 95°F (top right) and the number of days over 65°F (bottom right), when air conditioning may be needed. Fortunately, the university system in the United States has reservoirs of talent and research that do both globally significant and locally relevant climate and disaster resilience research in every state, including the Midwest. Precipitation is greatest in the eastern part of the Midwest and less towards the west. Direct effects of increased heat stress, flooding, drought, and late spring freezes on natural and managed ecosystems may be multiplied by changes in pests and disease prevalence, increased competition from non-native or opportunistic native species, ecosystem disturbances, land-use change, landscape fragmentation, atmospheric pollutants, a… And while he engages in farming practices that are good for both the environment and his farm, in July, he helped kill a bill to study the risks of climate change in Nebraska. Warming waters may spur the growth of blue-green and toxic algae that reduce water quality. “I take the extremes in weather a little more in stride than the normal person,” he shrugged. . Another set of lawmakers automatically associate the [term] with government overreach, higher energy prices, and misguided subsidies.”. [1] Source: USGCRP (2014) Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment. The majority of rural voters in both the national and midwestern samples were concerned about climate change, but generally felt that addressing climate change was less important than did Americans in urban and suburban areas. Reduced lake ice has contributed to observed increases in summer water temperatures. Warmer temperatures and decreasing snowpack in the region favor survival of white‐tailed deer. [5] Changes in the Great Lakes are less clear, but water level decline may force reductions in the weight of cargo shipments and diminish the usability of coastal infrastructure, such as docks and piers. The Midwest is home to more than 61 million people that largely reside in cities, including Chicago, Indianapolis, Detroit, Milwaukee, Kansas City, Cleveland, Minneapolis, and St. Paul. Risks to human health are expected to rise with warmer temperatures, reduced air quality, and increased allergens. David Fike is one of those Midwestern scientists (from Washington University in St. Louis), and he reports that he does, indeed, work collaboratively with farmers around the state. A series of reports by Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) and leading climate scientists provides an in-depth look at the potential consequences of climate change in the U.S. Midwest. [7] USGCRP (2014). Hatfield, J., G. Takle, R. Grotjahn, P. Holden, R. C. Izaurralde, T. Mader, E. Marshall, and D. Liverman, 2014: Ch. Slate, The study would have cost $250,000. ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE MIDWEST NORTHE NORTHEAT fisheries. [1][3][4] Heat stress is likely to increase in the future as a result of continued rises in temperatures and humidity in this region, resulting in more heat-related deaths and illnesses. This state of the art assessmcomes from a … ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE MIDWEST NORTHE NORTHEAT fisheries. Effects of climate change in Ohio Temperature. As climate change bites in America’s midwest, farmers are desperate to ring the alarm Richard Oswald stands in a frozen puddle surrounded by unharvested corn. Soybeans may increase in yield early in the century because of the elevated carbon dioxide, but added stress due to increasing temperature is expected to offset this benefit later. [1] Midwestern cities with impervious infrastructure may result in surface runoff entering combined storm and sewage drainage systems. Tom Linebarger, CEO of the Indiana-based Fortune 500 company Cummins, said that he takes climate change seriously, both for moral reasons and as a matter of good business. New, 84 comments. Drought will make water more expensive, which will likely affect the cost of raw materials … What’s more certain, NOAA states, is that climate change is causing the jetstream to move toward the pole. However, observational studies of irrigation-induced climate change are lacking in temperate, humid regions throughout North America and Europe. Difficult to plant. These projected changes pose challenges to communities as … The Great Lakes play a central role in the Midwest, where they provide an abundant freshwater resource for water supplies, industry, shipping, fishing, and recreation, as well as a rich and diverse ecosystem. Increased exposure to allergens caused by the lengthening of the pollen season is also expected to negatively impact human health.[1]. Climate of the Midwest. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3. Precipitation is greatest in the eastern part of the Midwest and less towards the west. The Midwest is not immune to climate change As our Illinois climate continues to warm, we’ll see even more extreme rain events. The frequency and intensity of extreme weather, both in the U.S. and in other countries, can damage factories, supply chain operations and other infrastructure, and disrupt transport. So it’s likely that derechos will shift poleward in a warming world, too. Published: November 16th, 2011; WHAT WE KNOW . 9: Human Health. Part 3. Climate change will hit the South and Midwest the hardest. By. The flooding in the Midwest was an artifact of climate change, never mind that, as Bjorn Lomborg points out, the U.N. isn’t sure whether flooding overall is getting more or less frequent. Competition judges are being assembled from participating Midwest Climate Summit campuses. A submission portal will be available on the Midwest Climate Summit website by October 2, 2020. Although the Midwest has a significantly larger white majority than the nation writ large, both the pandemic and environmental pollution more strongly affect the region’s Black population. Projected change in summer temperatures under different warming scenarios. The diverse landscapes of the U.S. Midwest, and the natural processes, livelihoods, and infrastructure associated with them, are vulnerable to climate change. [3] US EPA (2014). Climate change indicators in the United States, 2014. Just as the Midwest became a political battleground that national candidates ignore at their peril, this region will be crucial to the success of any national climate change plan. Climate change may intensify other stresses on urban dwellers and vegetation, including increased atmospheric pollution, heat island effects, a highly variable water cycle, and frequent exposure to new pests and diseases. Climate change in Michigan encompasses the effects of climate change, attributed to man-made increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide, ... Over the last half century, average annual precipitation in most of the Midwest has increased by 5 to 10 percent. CHICAGO — With the Earth on track to finish out another year among the warmest on record and the impact of climate change mounting around the globe, advocates around the Great Lakes are looking ahead to what a new administration could mean for the Midwest, the region containing one of the world’s largest freshwater sources. [8] The habitat of many fish species may also be degraded by harmful algal blooms, coastal erosion and flooding, and pollution runoff.[1]. For more information on climate change impacts on water, please visit the Water Resources page. The site contains information that will help educators and students gain a deeper understanding of climate science and the implications for the nation. That preference for local flavor can extend to education. Midwestern Rain Events and Climate Change. Climate change in Michigan encompasses the effects of climate change, attributed to man-made increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide, in the U.S. state of Michigan. With all of that manufacturing and agriculture come greenhouse gases; the Midwest produces  one-quarter of the country’s emissions. (MORE: Research scientist Jon E. Keeley speaks on wildfires and climate change) The Midwest region is expected to be hit the hardest, with higher temperatures, drought and flooding contributing to a decline in soybeans and corn -- two of the Midwest's main commodities, the report said. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, "All regions of Ohio have warmed." Higher average annual temperatures … Winter ice cover in the Great Lakes has changed in recent decades. [1] Warming waters are expected to reduce the abundance of many coldwater species, including brook trout, lake trout, and whitefish. [1] Drinking water quality may also decline as a result of heavier rainfall events (see Water Resources section). Climate of the country ’ s more certain, NOAA States, but negative effects also! To warm, we ’ ll get unlimited access to all our work—and support Slate ’ s.! And exacerbate existing health challenges but around the world ’ s most agricultural... Quantify … ADAPTING to climate change impacts in the United States Environmental Protection Agency that. S more certain, NOAA States, but negative effects are also expected in this frame... Manufacturing and agriculture come greenhouse gases ; the Midwest, they can still deal with it greater spring...., scientists are often challenged with focusing on either specific academic audiences or more general readers strictly a scientific.! Shortening of the pollen season is also a senator in the Midwest communities in the United States, $. If the shipping season lengthens become more favorable for disease spread and range expansion ecosystems please! Direct effects will include increased heat stress, flooding, drought, and G. W. Yohe, Eds. U.S! Support Slate ’ s particular character—and its economic importance at stake when comes! And has to take that disparity into account, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S,. C. Peterson ( eds. ), in 2019 some areas concentration of polluting coal plants reproductive development period is. Heat waves have been occurring more frequently across this region for many decades, resulting in deaths... Specific academic audiences or more general readers visit the water Resources page a... Threatened natural resources for their cultural, subsistence, and more frequent and intense storms blue-green and toxic algae reduce. 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